TAMIREA

TYPES OF EXONYMS

SOUTH GANDRASEA

Once isolated from much of the world, Tamirea's northern coasts began to be frequented by Indean mercantile guilds during the Chola period, which saw the expansion of the Hindu sphere of influence throughout the Emporic Rim. The parts that shifted culturally towards Indea came to be known as Indoserea in the times of Company Raj, while the domain of the Varanas to the south fell to the settlement schemes of Britain's penal colonies, leading to another layer of division between the north and south.

 

The region is notable for having some of the most extensively managed ecosystems, where almost everywhere fires continue to be seasonally started by humans for the purpose of maintaining the region's vast and iconic savannas and rangelands. Combined with water management practices gained from the contact with Indea for making the best of the short monsoon rains, the land-use practices of the people of Tamirea are a testament to humanity's genius in adapting to environmental parameters.

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ON TOPONYMS

Ethnocentrism has always dogged geographers. Atlas Altera is written in English for those of the Anglosphere, who have generally inherited neighbouring European traditions. Here, countries and regions are rendered as if it is the tradition most familiar and accepted in practical usage by native English-speakers in Altera. Thus, the political map of Altera is rendered with exonyms, and the atlas draws deep from situated knowledges while simultaneously attempting to push the boundaries of those knowledges.

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TYPES OF EXONYMS

The names of earth’s landmasses, continents, regions, and toponyms in Libya, Asea, and Erythrea were normalized by Venetian cartographers, who readily brought west maps of the south and east via their contact with the Grecians in Constantinople, a critical nexus point for trafficking things and knowledges across Borealea and Africa until the Age of Discovery. Toponyms of western continental Europea, generally corresponding to historically European Catholic areas, are derived from the naming conventions of the Dieppe school, which was influential until becoming eclipsed by the mapmakers of Antwerp. The Antwerp School made places of the Arctic and Norway known to the rest of Europea. Thus, the -ny, -land, and -ia suffixes generally correspond to these three schools of cartography influential to the English tradition.

The Dieppe School also began to incorporate the less systemic toponyms of the Spanish and Portuguese, which came out of early conquests in Septentrea and Crucea, most of which broke from the practice of naming places after native inhabitants but instead came from the Doctrine of Discovery. The Antwerp School fully normalized the practice of transliterating foreign toponyms through the lens of the regional hegemons in places where there was closer power parity between Europeans and natives, especially in Indea, Serica, and in the parts of Septentrea and Crucea that retained autonomy. The transliterations made in this time preserve the local pronunciations in the 18th and 19th centuries and may now be quite distant to the modern endonyms.

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